Lanyard: The term lanyard is used to refer to the rope on boat or ship which is used to lower or raise the sail/flag.
Lazarette: It is a marine terminology used to refer the storage locker or space; found in the aft side of the boat. They are generally used to store all necessary gear and equipment required by a sailor. This includes but not limited to boating parts, life-saving equipment, spare lines, sails, fenders, boat hook, tools, etc.
Leeway: The lateral sideways movement of a boat or ship due to heavy winds or water current. For example, your boat is moving in the east direction while there is a strong wind across the north. Now your boat will still be moving east but will leeway ( drift ) a little to the north in water. This phenomenon can be most clearly seen at the open sea.
Lifejacket: A buoyant jacket which helps yours afloat in water. This came really handy in an emergency situation and is a must on all ships and registered mid and large boats.
Lifeboat: It is a small boat used as a survival craft to take the ship’s crew and personnel to place of safety. There must be an adequate number of lifeboats available on board at all times; with all emergency accessories and emergency food rations. At times it is also used as a rescue boat; in case of emergency.
Life Buoy: It is a floating ring-type device often used to rescue or support a person in the water. You can identify it with its distinct orange color with white stripes and a rope.
Luffing: It is the process or decision to put your boat straight in direction of the winds. It is mostly used with sailing ships that use the power of the wind to sail across the sea or channels.
Log Book: A logbook is the proof of your activity and actions taken in real-time; ready to be looked at in the future. On a ship, this can be events in navigation, operation, and control of the ship.
Lookout: A person or crew on watchkeeping duty.
Locker room: It is a place on ship or boat where boating or ship’s gear is stored or kept.
Mark: While navigating at sea or using a navigation chart we use many objects as a reference point. That object which is being used as a reference is called a mark.
Man overboard: The term “Man Overboard” is used to explain the situation when a person or crew has fallen off the ship or boat into waters. The term is used as an emergency call sign to alert the crew and start the immediate rescue operations.
Mast: It is the pole or vertical pipe on a boat on which the sail is supported or secured. On modern ships, its mostly used for fitting radars and navigation lines.
Midship: The middle of the ship at an equal distance from bow and stern.
Mooring: It is a marine terminology used to refer docking or to dock the boat or ship to the docking station or harbor.
Manhole: A manhole is an opening to a shell, compartment or ship structure. It is provided for confined spaces that are not commonly accessed by the ship’s crew.
Navigation: It is a marine terminology used for ship operation which includes setting directions, route and running speed of a ship; as a plan on a piece of paper, website or computer. The term navigating is thus used when a ship is actually following its defined path.
Nautical mile: It is the nautical representation of distance at open waters. One nautical mile is equivalent to 1.15 miles or 1.85 miles
Navigation Lights: A navigation light is installed on boat and ship to represent its position and heading direction at night. Its main function is to avoid collisions and accidents at night. These lights have distinct colors based on their area of installation; for example, red is port, green is starboard and white is stern.
Oiler: A person assigned on the ship to assist with the daily watchkeeping duties of the watchkeeping officer in the engine room. He takes part in jobs such as record keeping, routine maintenance, lubrication of machinery, cleaning operation and other odd jobs assigned by the watchkeeping officer related to the engine room, ship or machinery.
Overhaul: It is the process to clean, disassemble, inspect, refurbish and then reassemble machinery and equipment on a ship. In simple words, it’s repairing a tool or machinery.
Obstruction: Anything at sea for which the ship has to change its direction is called obstruction. It can be a mark, another ship, boat, lifeboat, shore, port or underwater dangers.
Overboard: Out of the boat or ship.
Outboard motor: An external motor attached to a small boat at its stern so as the boat does not need to move the rudder; but move the entire motor to steer a boat.